A negative opinion of the World: mistrust. All are equal, in the world no good; There are only bad and stupid, they are all about inept, which does not run fly, etc. And finally a negative view of the future. Pessimism and hopelessness. I am going to go wrong, I am not going to do it, I have no remedy, I am doomed to be poor, etc. Martin Seligman hypothesized that depression in humans is a State of learned helplessness. See an example of learned helplessness in the elephant.
The elephant is one of the animals most forts that are upon the face of the Earth, if it is not that the more strong. This animal keep him prisoner in the circus with a chain secured at one end to a shackle that put him in one of his legs and the other end to a fragile stake than the could start with only a step that would not represent the most minimum effort for him. Why not does it? When I was little, tied to this elephant, a very strong stake. By the same author: Oracle. All your efforts to rid were unsuccessful until he learned that any effort to change his situation would be futile and will resigned to remain tied to a stake. As well as this elephant learned to that was useless to get rid of the stake, we learned to have a low self-esteem, distrust of others, to be pessimistic and to remain in that State. Whole head is sick, and all grieving heart depressed people happen you more unpleasant things in his life and his experience of these events is also more unpleasant, than the of people not depressed (Lewinson and Talkington, 1979). The average age of the first depressive episode of a person in the 1970s was 29.5 and today stands at 14.5 years (Seligman, 2003, 164.
165) who (World Health Organization) said that the depression currently ranks fourth in the prevalence of all diseases and that by 2020 will be the second disease in the world. If depression is a negative view learned, we can then learn to have a positive vision to combat it. We learn to see the good things that there is in us. Cultivate forgiveness and gratitude. If we forgive, what hurts us no longer do so. If we are grateful with what we receive, we will be happy, and if we learn to see the good in us, we can also see the good in others and see life with optimism. An author that I don’t remember your name said: sowing a thought and reap an act. Sow an Act and reap a habit. Sow a habit and you reap a character. Sow a character and you reap a destiny.