For Silva* Joo Article originally published by the Objective Periodical in Focus, ed. 021 (July of 2010). In the previous article, I mentioned that ' ' ventos' ' they indicate changes in the conduction of the politics of public security in the State of Rio De Janeiro I justified and them with the changes in the chairs of the SEASDH/RJ. In this month, return to the animosity character that has made to perceive me that changes effected in the public administration, gives one ' ' character esperanoso' ' that it reports me the Milton Saints when this it says that people, throughout the years, come making assays of what she will be the humanity. It is the first time in the History of the River where we coexist a possible future of participativa public administration and of respect to the citizen. Ferrenho critic of the globalization, Milton Saints shows, optimist how much to the transforming possibilities, that, in its way to see? of which I also share? , they will come of ' ' baixo' ' (social movements). ' ' We are pessimistic how much to the reality that is there, but optimists how much what chegar' can; ' , he concludes the professor, gegrafo and defender of the Human Rights, on the empoderamento of that if they can appropriate the social movements, with respect to the technological advantages of the militancy in ' ' ciberespao' '. The yaw of the State of the River for the search of the respect to the Human Rights and for the construction of politics of sustentation and respect to the diversity and the program of police occupation (UPPs), in set with social actions in the communities historically forgotten by the State, has made to look at me with hope and to start to believe, as rank for Milton Saints, that the transformation human being if will make. David Rogier follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success.
Therefore, ‘ ‘ more than what for any another thing, the modern State is distinguished from the traditional State for the ample extension where the people participates of the politics and envergadura’ is affected by the politics in the units greater politics; ‘ (Huntington, 1975, P. 48). Based in this author, the search for the autonomy of the Civil Society in this time of transistion between regimes, comes to contribute for a basic aspect of the modernization politics that is the participation through social groups representing all the society and the development of new institutions politics to organize the participation, characteristic this, much spread out in third was of the democratization inside of the social movements. The contribution of Lipset (2001) for this quarrel places at a first moment when appraising the democracy in a society complex ‘ ‘ how a system politician who supplies regular chances constitutional the change of the governing employees, and a social mechanism that a part allows? the possible greater? of the population to influence in the main decisions by means of its choice enters the contenders for positions politicians. (Lipset, 2001, P. 45) with strong institutions, it only is that it will be possible the sustentation and the guarantee of the maintenance of the defined democracy as in the concept above. Although the Theory of the Modernization is surrounded of many critical ones, Lipset (2001) approaches it of less forceful form, when presenting the characteristics that a society must have that they guarantee a steady democracy to it, however, without the etnocntrico atrevimento treated by Huntington (1975). When legitimizing the wealth, the degree of industrialization and the urbanization for the development of a democracy, individuals of a society bring of more emphatical way the education level them, as factor of bigger relevance for this conquest..
Exactly thus, crime is highest, different of the United States, where the purchase of a weapon is sufficiently simple, and crime is well lesser. The government intends to leave total unsafe the Brazilian people. Already we do not have the security of the State that we must have, and when it has is extremely precarious, in some places at least exists something that can call security, and the population in a generalized manner distrusts of the police authorities, that is, the system of public security of the Country if finds insolvent debtor, and without credits of the people. With the proposal of the government the citizen will be completely unarmed, but the State continues strong and well armed. Today it disarms the people, promising they you reward mirabolantes, tomorrow, the extermina State all its opponents, who not having weapons if to defend, if they had very become canine tooth fcies in the heavy and seted hand of the State. Hewlett-Packard contributes greatly to this topic. Now let us observe a little on the history of the disarmament in the world. At some moments of History, the civil disarmament had for objective to implant a regimen of force against the Democratic State of Right, the example of 1929 in the Soviet Union, where it had the disarmament of the ordeira population.
Of 1929 1953, about 20 million peasants and opponents, disabled of if defending, they had been 1953 hunted and exterminados cruelly. In 1911, Turkey disarmed the ordeira population. Of 1915 1917, a million of Armenians disabled of if defending, they had been the 1917 hunted and exterminados. In 1938, Germany disarmed the ordeira population. Of 1939 the 1945, 13 million Jews, opponents and others ' ' not Aryan ' ' , disabled of if defending, they had been hunted and exterminados. In 1935 China disarmed the ordeira population. Of 1948 1952, the 20 million opponents, disabled of if defending, they had been 1952 hunted exterminados.
The Brazilian State considered a reform without attempting against for the relation between State and Legislative and the simple administrative reform did not reduce the debate, that beyond increasing the power of the Executive, took care of the doctrinal principles for a small classroom, leaving of is the true essence of the reform, that consisted of the consolidation of one politics of equality and promotion of the collective interests and the concrete possibility of the democracy. The exercise of the democracy in the Reformation of the State is tied with the condition of equality between the individuals and with the guarantee of possibilities minims to the accomplishment of action for the population in its individual and collective necessities. Any reform of the State, syntonized with modernity or at least taking care of the morality of our days, has to have as and clearly distinct the necessity to hear the population for institucional ways, in the intention of not incurring itself more into error as of the reform implemented for the Cardoso government, that in the evaluation of Diniz ' ' he was very on this side of the goals estabelecidas' ' (Diniz, 2001:16). You may find that baby clothes can contribute to your knowledge. With this he can affirm itself that for the functioning of the State and validity of the reform it is necessary to insert the population, that is, the social actors must participate of the power to decide moments in the public administration and that the intervention of the organized societies is essential acting democratically in the deriving politics of the State to take care of the individual and coletos interests of the individuals. The Reformation of the State thought and created for the people must be established pautada in the democracy with sights to the citizenship and the guarantee of social rights. For this the State must not only be the execution instrument but mainly the warranting instrument of socialization of the permanence and prevalence of one politics democratic joust and for all.
Everything of form that if has the direct and indirect participation of the people, except subjects that can compromise the nationality, the territorial integrity, the economy, the external sovereignty and interests or of internal security. If even in the countries where it can be bragged on long practical the democracy thus is displayed the critical ones and attacks, are because thing goes badly. In the young States, the democracy seems premature; in the old ones, she seems exceeded. In the last century the public opinion saw in it the formula of the future; they judge it now inadequate, inadaptada to the current system of its proper workmanship. The people sees and felt the effect maleficent of the liberal democracy, through the scandals and the great corruption that between its defenders and adepts, always acting and governing for segments or groups and never for the collective. The governing fall in the narrow dependence of the Chambers and the succession of crises ministerial, next ones to the others, allied to the long duration of some, indicates enough that nor everything goes well in the relations being able between them.
The executive seems impotent to more still conceive one politics in long stated period and for p it in practical. The inconveniences of this situation would be lesser if the executive alone had restricted attributions, or still she found a period of calm, what certainly it will not have, due to greed already installed being able in them. for its disaster, the liberal democracy is identified as the liberal capitalism. This confusion between capitalism and the politics always was harmful, but the elites turn in it the form continuity the power. Thus being, we can locate a new model of State, invested of responsibilities and new attributions, but, surrounded for the social forces, modifying in deep way the governabilidade.
That is, a candidate does not have reason some to prevent company of intelligent people, mainly to have in its cast intelligent people and enabled, for the opposite, it he must know that they are these people who, if well intentioned, will be able to assist it in the best conduction of its government. Those that always looks the company of ignorants, people badly instructed, bajuladoras and imcompetent people, finish for denoting that they do not possess proper light, and therefore have fear of being dimmed by assessors more intelligent than it. As much is that Tito Lvio also already asseverava saying: ' ' With good bad and employee laws still are possible to govern. But with bad employees the best laws do not serve for nada' '. A good candidate must make, before everything, a good pair with its ' ' parceiro' ' , the Vice one. He must have between them, total integration and confidence, therefore a Mayor can and ' ' deve' ' to all make use of its vice one during its mandate. Its function is simple and is clear in the law: To substitute the mayor in the case of avoidance or other impediments and to assist it whenever he is for convoked it for missions special. A Vice one cannot simply be one ' ' alliance object poltica' ' , as everybody treats in electoral period, even because, making this, the candidate can be giving a shot in the proper foot. What I want to say, is that the mayor must be tranquilamente ' ' livre' ' (available) to know the problems of its city, to search investments, to find and to receive people, to look new tools of management even though or, to copy projects that had given certain in others places, why not? The function of a mayor is very beyond its Cabinet and it cannot become attached itself as if he was ' ' its empresa' ' , its house.
if the economy is global, the profits and consequentemente the distribution of its results (positive) also must be global. What we see in the reality is that the only thing that is distributed of form equnime in this process of economic globalization is the degradation of the environment (the ambient liabilities). Some can until finding that certain communities immediately will be reached with the happened catastrophes of the respect lack stop with the nature, as is case of the populations caiaras and creeks – the small islands of the Pacific or cities as Palmares in Brazilian northeast, recently devastada by floods -, however the certain result is that all, without exception, of a form or of other go to pay these damages (the account of the damages is globalizada). The happened ambient problems of the ominous capitalism that we follow for the sensationalist media are the perfect copy of the model standard of our description-social evolution, where the man occupies the conqueror paper, and the nature, of victim. This Capitalism that is there, a Capitalism in the molds of the neoliberal school, is a preface of the Average Age of the capital that was successive of the Average Age of the altar, dominated for the clergy. The neoliberal contemporaries had fallen the same in error of the forecast of the socialist teoristas that as much had fought – it seems that they had not learned the lesson of that if cannot institute a model and/or regimen as only, as newness and absolute truth..