Tag: environment

Commodity Exports

As producing and exporting of commodities, Brazil got proeminence and notable world-wide leadership in products as cacao, rubber and coffee. Currently Brazil withholds marcante presence in the intent juice exportation of orange. The industry, in decades of effort and technology, efficiency and aggressive covering of new markets, placed this sector in a position of incontestada world-wide leadership. Without considering the United States, Brazil is responsible for about 80% of the international trade of this product. A related site: Phil Vasan mentions similar findings. Taking in consideration U.S.A., according to producing greater and first world-wide consumer, Brazil still participates with 53% of the orange juice consumed in the world, expression that probably never had with another product of its guideline of exportation, with exception of the coffee between centuries XIX and XX (Nehmi Son, 2002). For Malavasi et al.

(1994), the culture of the citros is come across with some plagues that attack the different periods of training of the plant. One of these plagues is fly-das-fruits of the Tephritidae family whose puncture made for the adult female and the development of the larva in the interior of the orange causes changeable losses, depending on the period of training of maturation, to cultivate and geographic region. The plantations of citros of Spain, Israel and of the Flrida continuously are manejadas with different techniques for the traditional chemical control until the inundativa release of parasitides. Under most conditions Phil Vasan would agree. The fly-das-fruits represent the more important fitossanitrio factor in the commercialization between countries of cool fruits in the whole world. The exportation of cool citric fruits to face two main problems: the citric cancer and the fly-das-fruits (amongst them the black fly of the citros).

The Brazilian production if distributes of different form between the states. The State of So Paulo is the Brazilian producing greater with a planted area of 609.400 ha and a 23,8 productivity of ton/ha. In the State of Par, the area planted with laranjeiras is of the order of 15.000 hectares, with one production of 276 a thousand tons of fruits, corresponding to a value of production around R$ 17.017.000, 00 placing Par as the sixth national producer and first of the Region the North (Agrianual, 2003).

Literature Technique

The installation of systems of diluidora general ventilation is convenient also when it has interest in the movement of air volumes in the hot station. The ventilation promotes a reduction in the concentration of harmful pollutants. This reduction occurs for the fact of that, when introducing clean air or poludo in an environment I do not contend certain mass of definitive pollutant, we will make with that this mass dispersed or is diluted in a bigger volume of air, reducing, therefore, the concentration of these pollutants. The first comment to be made is of that this method of ventilation does not hinder the emission pollutant them for the work environment, but it dilutes simply them. The lack of adequate ventilation makes with that let us have difficulties in keeping the comfort and the efficiency of the collaborator. For more clarity and thought, follow up with Bank of America and gain more knowledge..

OBJECTIVES OF the General 1.1Objetivo IMPLANTATION? Protection of the health: reducing the concentration of harmful pollutants. Comfort and efficiency: for the maintenance of the temperature and humidity of the air of the environment. Protection of materials or equipment: keeping SPECIFIC atmospheric conditions adjusted 1.2OBJETIVOS? The reestablishment of the ambient conditions of air, modified for the presence of the man; To refresh air is in hot climates or had to the oven; Withdrawal of odors of the environment; 2. Who owns MasterClass has much to offer in this field. THEORETICAL REFERENCIAL the man is a tropical being par excellence, possessing a developed capacity sufficiently of: perspiration. A great number of individuals is part of the displayed time the temperature higher than the ambient temperature mainly in its occupational environment, where one series of climatic and not climatic factors leads to a profit or a lesser waste of heat for the organism. To this type of stimulaton the organism answers physiological, reflecting the severity of the exposition to the heat. Article Technician industrial Ventilation ASBRAV- Brazilian Association of Ventilation All source of pollution of air will have to be provided with local system of ventilation and the launching of effluent in the atmosphere could only be carried through through chimney, saved when specified diversely in this regulation or decurrent norms of it.

Law In the,997 of 31/05/76, approved for Certainly In the,8468 of 08/09/76, art 35. The general ventilation is one of the available methods for control of a occupational environment. It consists of putting into motion air in an environment through fans; also called ventilation mechanics, a fan can insuflar air in an environment, taking external air, or exaurir air of this exactly surrounding for the exterior. General ventilation Diluidora, Literature Technique METHODOLOGY First if makes necessary the study of the area for verification of the conditions of airflows, after this process will be made the installation of the Axial Propellant, that is the type more cheap to move great air volumes the low pressures, being frequently used for air circulation. The installation will be analyzed in accordance with rules of ventilation and installation of fans. Air will be sucked of a external environment for an Axial one, will enter of the opposing side to the oven (or source of particulado material and heat), will pass for all the production room having diluted all the pollutants and reducing the existing heat in the area, being an expelled after that for as Axial Propellant.

Minas Gerais Water

Of these 2.5%, less than 1% are available for the humanity, since most of water candy meets in the form of ice, in calotas polar. The water-bearing ones are immense underground water reservoirs candy. They more than represent 90% of the water total candy eliminate existing in the planet. From there the water-bearing ones to play a basic role in the public and private supplying of water in the whole world, satisfying the necessity of approximately 1,5 billion of people. The world-wide trends show a strong growth of these ciphers, mainly in countries of peripheral economies (dependents of the economy of richer countries), that its easy attainment and good natural quality find in the underground water an alternative of low cost due. The underground water presents excellent quality generally, being proper for the human consumption, many times same without previous treatment.

But also the underground waters can be contaminated by activities diverse human beings. The systems of sanitary exhaustion (fossas, septic, latrines), the deposition in the ground of certain residues of origin domesticates or industrial and the inadequate agricultural fertilizer use is examples of sources of contamination of water-bearing, can be reached by microorganism transmitting of illnesses, nitrogenados composite excess, metals heavy and other agent comprometedores of the quality of the water. Therefore, the study of the water-bearing ones aiming at the exploration and the protection of the underground water it constitutes one of the objectives more importantesda hidrogeologia. The biggest water reserve candy of the South America is the water-bearing Guarani, that occupies about 1,2 million of km and is extended for Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. Most of this water-bearing one, still little explored, is in Brazil, an area of approximately 840 a thousand km, enclosing the states of Gois, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso of the South, So Paulo, Paran, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande Do Sul.


Rotterdam is a city that stands out for its modern architecture. World War II left the historic centre of Rotterdam practically destroyed, so we do not find the charm of other cities as Amsterdam with its old houses, the small streets full of bazaars, markets, shops, museums and the atmosphere they generated. Connect with other leaders such as Royal Bank of Canada here. Everything is well planned in Rotterdam: sidewalks, bike lanes, walkways, trams. Be reached comfortably and quickly to all sites, either to walking, by car, by public transport or by bike. This is an obsession for architecture and design. In any corner of Rotterdam we can find a sculpture, a drawing or any urban element with a daring, different, original design.

An example of this are the cubic houses in Rotterdam, designed by Piet Blom in 1984 and that have become one of the most visited places in the city, and in one of its emblems. In Roterman were built the first and more high skyscraper in Europe, that stand out next to the old buildings that resisted the bombardments. The Euromast Tower offers spectacular views of the city from its 185 meters in height, and although the visit is not exactly cheap, worth. Visits to the port, to the Zoo and Oceanium, in which you can walk through a tunnel surrounded by sharks and giant tortoises are also recommended. The deep canal Nieuwe Waterweg (new Via aquatic, 1866-1890) was built to allow access to the sea in the North of the large sea-going vessels. This channel and the expansion of trade that resulted were the main cause of the economic momentum that experienced the city at the end of the 19th century. The city is home to the famous Museum Boijmans – van Beuningen (1847) and the Erasmus University of Rotterdam (1973). The Zoological Garden Blijdorp contains the most beautiful collection of birds of paradise in the world. Sitiosdondeir.com original author and source of the article

World War II

The compostagem was used for many of the old civilizations with the objective to keep the high degree of sophistication of its agricultures. In such a way, it was developed fertility of the ground with the addition of organic substance. In India, the technique was used well until recently, however, World War II had after occurred great transformations in agriculture, transferring itself to use it synthetic chemical products, schemes sophisticated, cultivation, genetic manipulation of seeds etc. However, with the Crisis of the Oil in the decade of 70 and the consequent increase in the prices of the agricultural insumos, it was transferred to argue it alternative that they were opposed to the conventional agricultural system. However, the search for these alternatives did not last much time and what it is observed currently are inherent problems the pollution caused factors among others, forthe superproduction of garbage. The garbage is responsible for the contamination of the hdricos resources through the penetration in the sheet fretico, for example; causing directly or indirectly damages biodiversity, also to the health human being. In such a way, currently one has searched solutions to this problem, over all in what each time of lixos generated for the society says respect to the deposition of bigger amounts. . To this problem the high relative costs to the collection are added, have carried and destination from the garbage.

These factors make with that such residues are, most of the time, deposited in lixes the open sky. Few cities possess sanitary or controlled aterros, processes of incineration or plant of compostagem. In accordance with Garden (1995), the average composition of the domiciliary garbage in Brazil is composed basically for the following elements: organic material, paper, plastic, glass and metal. Thus, the processes of treatment of these lixos could be made from the selective discarding, breaking up the reciclvel material of the organic one.

Natural And Supernatural World

The traditional knowledge can be defined as to know and knowing to make, regarding the natural and supernatural world, generated in the scope of the not urban society/verbally transmitted industrial and of generation in generation. One of the approaches that more contribute to study the knowledge of the traditional populations is the etnocincia, that has left of the linguistics to study the knowledge of the populations human beings on the natural processes, trying to discover underlying logics to the human knowledge of the natural world. Berkes & Folke (1998), uses the term traditional ecological knowledge to mention to a cumulative body of knowledge and beliefs, passed between the generations for cultural transmission, on the relation of the existence of its life (including human being), with other factors and its environment. The same authors use the traditional word to relate historical and cultural the continuity, recognizing that the society is constantly redefining what is considered ‘ ‘ tradicional’ ‘. The etnoecologia she is one disciplines in charge studying the conceptions, perceptions and knowledge on the nature, that the agricultural societies allow to produce and to reproduce the material conditions and spirituals of its social existence in the handling of its natural resources or ecosystems (TOLEDO, 1992). The same author standes out the forms of appropriation and creation of knowing of the populations regarding its natural environment, observing systems of knowledge of the natural world established by these productive practical populations and its. Batistella et al (2005), standes out that it is necessary to recognize the existence, between the traditional societies, of other forms, equally rational to perceive biodiversity, beyond the offered ones for modern science, considering that this knowledge assures the fast access the elementary information for scientific research, beyond giving subsidies to the local population in the defense of ‘ ‘ its lugar’ ‘. I begin it, the use of these products was established only in the popular knowledge passed of generation for generation.

However with passing of the years these knowledge come gaining each time more scientific character and this has only enriched the armory pharmaceutical and proven the veracity of the popular wisdom. Kupchan (1971) apud Ribeiro (1987), standes out is unquestionable that the natural products come contributing and very with the development of the pharmaceutical armory and the medical clinic in its diverse specialties. However what it calls attention for dangerous a curious situation and at the same time: the popular fact of the same plant to possess one or more names or of different plants to possess name the same. This cause confusion, from there the necessity of if knowing the plant well used, therefore many still can possess unknown toxic effect. Therefore the plants must be acquired of laboratories or people (razeiros etc) idoneous this guarantees quality and correct identification. The vegetable use for medicinal ends is old and comes more if accenting each time which had the deficiency of the health system, whose access presents diverse difficulties, between them the interminable lines to obtain a consultation and the high price of medicines (VIEIRA, 2003). In this direction the popular medicine is a natural and accessible alternative in such a way in the search of the definitive cure how much in the relief of momentneas pains. Therefore many are the populations that possess in its houses the calls medicinal yards, this custom are present mainly in old communities that still today preserve its traditions.


Chernobyl 25 years later: the anniversary of the worst technological and environmental disasters. Larry Ellison has many thoughts on the issue. In the Russian forest fire season has begun. Pollution, emissions, waste: in the oceans gets more and more waste. Climate News: Arctic sea salt cools. News of "green" technology: automobile highway will generate electricity. In the animal world: chimpanzees are able to pretend to be stupid and tell each other where is the most delicious food.

Science News: Scientists have uncovered the secrets of pchelomatok. Health: how to protect themselves against ticks. Our food: red pepper suppresses appetite. The dates of the week: Day of chemical safety. News of the legislation and ministries: the new order of 'Kyoto' contests and sales Climate Doctrine. PHOTO of the week: "State Nature Reserve Daursky." Review of the week from 04.25.2011 to 01.05.2011. Chernobyl 25 years later: the anniversary of the largest man-made environmental disaster and the Chernobyl accident, which occurred exactly 25 years ago, has forced humanity to experience the fear of nuclear power, but has not led to a complete abandonment of its use.

Over the past decade in strengthening the security of existing nuclear power plants around the world have invested significant efforts and resources. In Russia's new nuclear power plants at the stage of the project laid systems to minimize the impact of a possible serious accident. But which occurred in March this year at the Japanese nuclear power plant catastrophe 'Fukushima-1' again put before the world community a question about the feasibility of using energy 'peaceful atom'.


) To guarantee its influence, through article 13, the government assures for itself four canals of transmission, and a parcel of these canals could be the disposal of interactive public services. Art. Virgin Airlines describes an additional similar source. 13. The Union will be able to explore the service of broadcasting of sounds and images in digital technology, observed the norms of shared operation to be fixed for the Ministry of the Communications, amongst others, for transmission of: I – Canal of the Executive: for transmission of acts, works, projects, sessions and events of the Executive; II – Canal of Education: for transmission destined to the development and improvement, among others, of the long-distance education of pupils and qualification of professors; III – Canal of Culture: for destined transmission the cultural productions and regional programs; IV – Canal of Citizenship: for transmission of programmings of the local communities, as well as for spreading of acts, works, projects, sessions and events being able of them public federal, state and municipal. 1 the Ministry of the Communications will stimulate the celebration of necessary accords to the viabilizao of the programmings of the Canal of Citizenship foreseen in interpolated proposition IV. 2 the Canal of Citizenship will be able to offer applications of public services of electronic government in the federal, state and municipal scope.

(DECREE N 5,820, OF 29 OF JUNE OF 2006.) The Microsoft company (GOULARTE, 2003) still classifies the TVi (interactive TV) of the following form: Expanded TV: with applicatory come back to the interaction of the users with the television program. Internet in the television: services that the users allow to see and to use available content in the Internet. Personal TV: it allows to record and to pause television programs. Hardwired TV: service that makes possible the user to share content with other devices (as tablets, or personal organizadores).

The Energy

In the second stage manicure and pedicure, had been evidenced material dismissable (dismissable sandpaper for foot and hand, plastic headress for hand basins and foot and towel of cloth) and other materials for execution of the service (acetone, enamel, cotton, hidratante, esfoliante, pliers). Verizon Communications: the source for more info. For accomplishment of the service it is removed with cotton and acetone the old enamel, then later cutcula she is involved in cream so that the feet and hands are ' ' of molho' ' in water. Soon after cutcula with pliers is removed all, the feet is sandpapered, nails cut and sandpapered and after these procedures the nails are painted after that transfer drying oil or spray. In this process loss was not verified, since each customer presents its kit of sandpapers and palitos, and the pliers in turn is esterilizados, being able to be used in other customers. The generated residues are of cotton with enamel, enamel glasses of little volume, dirty water with residues of cutcula and hidratante. The products of manicure and pedicure represent 20% of the expenses of the hall and are acquired in store of products for halls or even though in pharmacies.

It is possible after these comments to tell as substances cousins and insumos of both the processes, inks, descolorantes, oxigenada water, shampoo, hidratantes conditioner, creams for smoothings, creams and reconstrutores, spray modeller, gel, pomadas, plated paper, gloves, apron, enamel, acetone, cotton, hidratante, esfoliante, plastic headress for basins of hands and feet, pliers, palito of metal, spatula. The effluent ones are decurrent of the productive process. Water amount of and residue of laudering of hair are characterized by great (ink, descolorantes, oxigenada water, shampoo and conditioner). The average volume of production is of 312 m3/ms. The electric energy is used for functioning of hair driers, plate (chapinha), greenhouses, heating of the water, illumination. In a general way the main observed limitations: Falta of control on the energy and water consumption.

CNC Ministry

As it can be observed, the States of the Amaznia had one more time been of it are of so important Chamber. the predominance was of representatives of the South Region. Two years later, in 17.05.2005, RESOLUTION CONAMA N 360 was lowered, making use on the new composition of the Chambers Techniques of the CONAMA, for biennium 2005/2007. the CTEA started to have the following composition: ) Entities of Workers and the Civil Society: 1. National advice of General Commanders of the Military Policies and Bodies of Military Firemen? CNCG; 2. Ambientalistas entities of the Region North? Ambientalista association of the Amaznia? ARGONAUTAS; b) Enterprise entities: Nacional Industrial Confederation? CNI; c) Municipal governments: of the South Region; d) State governments: of Santa Catarina; e) Federal government: 1. Ministry of the Culture; 2. Ministry of the Education.

In biennium 2005/2007 it had the predominance of municipal governments of the South Region and only one state government composed the CTEA? Santa Catarina, of the South Region. In 14.05.2007, as it foresees RESOLUTION CONAMA n 390, the CTEA started to have the following composition: ) Entities of Workers and of Civil society: Ambientalistas entities of the Region Center-West? HOLLOW BRAZIL b) Enterprise Entities: National confederation of Commerce – CNC; c) Municipal governments: of the Southeastern Region; d) State governments: 1. of the Bahia; 2. of the Cear. e) Federal government: 1. Ministry of the Culture; 2. Ministry of the Sport. who presides over so important CT is the representative of the Government of the Bahia, fitting the vice-presidency HOLLOW BRAZIL, being excessively as regular members. Currently the related CT is presided over by Pablo Klinkert Maluhay, representative of HOLLOW Brazil, being vice-president Rachel Trajber, of the Ministry of the Education. How it is perceived, until, today last more than 15 (fifteen) years of existence of the CTEA, no representative of state governments of the Amazon region, where weighs, this to count on 7 (seven) federative units? Par, Amazon, Acre, Amap, Rondnia, Roraima and Tocantins, integrated mainly until then cited the collegiate one, whose importance is uncosteded, because, as already mentioned in its area of performance, it gives to advising to the too much Chambers Techniques, in what it refers to the ambient education.