Elena Sanchez Laso / the Nosema ceranae has become a parasite that kills bees. It comes from Asia and causes a chronic disease. It affects the digestive system and causes bee to stop eating. List: facts about bees. Bees, are essential for the human being.
Honey bees are dying and in Spain a group of researchers has put him face and name one of the parasites that attack them, called Nosema ceranae, a fungus that infects the bees by digestive tract creating a process of chronic disease that sentenced them to death in two years. It is the so-called syndrome depopulation of beehives, a phenomenon that in 2010 and only in Spain, eliminated 50% of the hives, though in the words of Luis Sanz, director of the Regional beekeeping Centre in Marchamalo (Guadalajara), the best is not discuss syndrome but disease. The parasite Nosema ceranae, from Asia, causes disease Chronicle, in which the bee spreads at the points where baby, collects nectar or even in their own hive where there are remnants of feces. Although it is important, warns researcher, not forgetting other focus of contagion: the balls of pollen, protein food of bees prepared with saliva infected with this parasite spores. In the initial phase of the contagion, explains Sanz, the parasite reaches the gut of bees, this stops working and the bee does not eat, weakens and finally dies. The bees that go out to collect pollen are the more parasitized (are more in contact with the parasite), they perform more strenuous work, produce less honey and perish in the field, hence the beekeeper does not perceive the deaths of their bees until it is too late. Still insists the scientist, onset of the disease does not mean that the hive will die, first lowers the productive capacity of the hive until the final collapse of the colony be given.
The national average for production of honey per hive per year is 15 kilos, although it can vary between 20 and 40 kg depending on the area and the environmental conditions, why is It is important to check that the quantity of honey does not descend. Untreated announce apocalyptic data but know when bees will exceed this disease since the consequences could be catastrophic. The bee is a source of pollination for crops and for nature, if this does not occur the performance of agriculture fall endangering species of plants in which the only means of pollination are the bees. Source of the news: new answers to the mysterious death of bees