Pyometra – a disease of dogs and cats, characterized by the accumulation of pus in the uterus. The use of drugs to "calm down" an animal in oestrus, sooner or later will have a detrimental effect on the body females. At the heart of the animal's behavior is an endocrine regulation of physiological processes. After estrus existing hormonal imbalance leads to increased progesterone and under his influence is a sharp alteration of the endometrium from the proliferative phase of the secretory phase. Closed cervical canal and endometrial glands begin to produce intensely secret, which accumulates in the uterus. When significant accumulation of micro-organisms from the mucous membrane in the liquid migrate to the large number of white blood cells. This leads to a purulent disintegration of delayed discharges in the uterine cavity, develops pyometra.
Accumulation purulent mass in the uterus may be so large that the walls of the body can not withstand the internal pressure and explode. Occurs outpouring of pus in the abdominal cavity, leading to diffuse peritonitis. Perforation of the wall cancer may occur as a result of purulent fusion of tissues. Pyometra is characterized by a slow attack symptoms. Typically 3-5 weeks after normal estrus develops polydipsia (excessive thirst) and polyuria (increased urine output). On clinical examination are distinguished: general weakness, vomiting, swelling of the labia, purulent vaginal discharge (may not be).
Surgery for pyometra include completely removal of the uterus and ovaries. If you leave even a piece of the ovary, there may be postoperative complications, including stump pyometra of the uterus. Preventive measures to prevent the development of pyometra in your pet are as timely castration female. performed under general anesthesia.