Poltava Region

Pathogens – dirofilyarii, bisexual nitkoobraznye nematodes in length from 5 to 30 cm, the larvae of 0.2 – 0.28 mm. They are evolving with the change of owners: the interim – a mosquito, and the final – dogs, cats, at least – people. For more specific information, check out Roland Berger. Adult parasites are located in the eyes, Serce, pulmonary artery, hollow vein, mesentery, apendikse, male genitals, breasts, under the skin in the submucosa, affects the nerves system. In recent years an increase in the incidence vector-borne helminthiasis – dirofilyariozom, both in Ukraine and in the Poltava region. Ukraine has now recorded 22 of the worm 13 species of protozoa. Dirofilyarioz from the Latin ‘diro, filum’ – ‘the evil thread’ transmissible helminthiasis.

Agents – a family of nematode Filariidae: Dirofilaria repens (parasitic in the subcutaneous tissue, submucosal layer) Dirofilaria immitis (penetrates to the heart, the pulmonary artery, the abdominal cavity) Sexually mature worms of length 10-30 cm, viviparous larvae (Microfilariae), 0.2 mm long, width equal to the diameter of the erythrocyte. Dirofilyarioz – zoonosis. The final master – a dog, cat, less people. Intermediate host (vector) – mosquitoes genus Culex, Aedes, Anopheles. vectors of vertebrate host Man Carnivorous ivotnye Clinic Main symptoms: – a painless or painful “tumor” in the subcutaneous or submucosal layer; – local burning, itching – redness – Mobility neoplasms. Secondary: – headache – nausea; – weakness; Objective: To analyze the state of human disease and infection of animals dirofilyariyami in Poltava region.

According to the Regional sanepidstantsii first few cases dirofilyarioza humans occurred in 1965 and 1967., in subsequent years – the disease is not detected, and from 1999 to 2006, registered 35 cases dirofilyarioza, mainly in Kremenchug, Poltava, Komsomolsk, in Novosanzharskom, and Lubenskoe Semenov areas dirofilyariozom incidence in the Poltava region among people in connection with the detectability of dirofilyarioza people-station, health authorities, veterinary service was held epidemiological analysis of infection and infestation of dogs in areas of mosquito microfilariae Poltava region. Studies have shown that in the city of Kremenchug, Poltava, Komsomolsk, and in Novosanzharskom Lubenskoe areas identified high infestation of dogs dirofilyariozom. Thus, according to the Department of Veterinary Parasitology at the Poltava Agrarian Academy gemolavroskopicheskom study 93 dogs from the source dirofilyarioza Novosanzharskom in the area of the 51 animals found dirofilyarioz. In determining the infection foci in 45 dogs dirofilyarioza Lubensky District microfilariae were found in 9 (20%), in Lubny – in 3 out of 5 surveyed dogs. In epidnablyudeniya format for dirofilyariozom of mosquitoes were examined for infection with microfilariae. At catching mosquitoes from the territory of Semenov area of 167 specimens revealed 4.3% of infested microfilariae Dirofilaria repens. These studies suggest a high degree of infestation of dogs dirofilyariozom, especially in those localities where the registered cases in humans.