At last, our lamentable trend to the Ornamental Reason. Perhaps Oswald de Andrade has been one of that they had tried to inaugurate a brazilian typical thought, it made and it through the sarcasm. According to author, Oswald tried to construct a speech that really we are, according to on to our not mentally ill reality and to the foreign teses that ornamentao usefulness only has here. However, Oswald de Andrade was relegated, therefore that, as ' ' scholars and srios' ' , philosophy and satirical mood are irreconcilable subjects. In Brazil, it still occurred in the past an unfolding of the ecleticism (current that it was dominant in Brazil) and gave origin to the other species of philosophical positioning between the scholars: the Positivismo. The Positivismo means to legitimize what it is effective, to agree and to say yes to already existing and the rank. this phenomenon alone occurred in the interest of the ruling classes.
It is verified, for the analysis of the production philosophical understood it enters the end of century XIX and beginning of century XX, the influence of two chains: the ecleticism and the positivismo. Even though other manifestations of thought that had arrived here at this time had been absorbed, or dimmed, for these two sources. The Ecleticism, to being absent of critical criteria, simply opted to receiving what it was en vogue, for the simple acceptance, for yes. From there the Positivismo appeared. The positivismo suffers the same of error of the ecleticism: to be poor of critical sense in its formularizations. While the accepted Positivismo the effective thought without questioning it, the Ecleticism conciliates the diverse teses and ignores the antagonisms between them. The Positivismo gained space mainly between-we in reason of the cultural emptiness of which we suffer. Sylvio Romero noticed that the positivismo alone avenged and had conditions of continuity in Brazil because it was installed in the dominant groups in the period of the installation of the Republic, having an excellent paper in the transistion of the monarchic government for the republican in end of century XIX.
E the filiados ones to the positivista thought had started to exert fort at the beginning influence of the Republic. It can be said that the military had assumed the power when implanting the Republic, and the positivistas had given to the legitimacy and arcabouo ideological to justify it. Militarismo and Positivismo if had joined in the formation of the Republic and, in analyze of the history and the events of the time, if some of these ' ' partidos' ' it had done without the other in support, both would have failed in its objectives. BIBLIOGRAPHY GOMES, Robert. Critical of the brazilian reason. Chapter I the X. 12 Ed. Curitiba-PR: To create Editions, 2001, pp. 09/91.